The Narrative Text

Meaning Narrative text is a type of text that tells an event or event that happened in the past. The purpose of narrative text is to provi...


Narrative text is a type of text that tells an event or event that happened in the past. The purpose of narrative text is to provide an understanding to the reader or listener about a series of events or events in the form of an interesting and captivating story. Narrative texts are often found in the form of fairy tales, legends, fables, myths, folklore, novels or films. Usually, narratives are built by following a story structure consisting of an introduction, conflict, climax, and resolution.

Generic Structure of Narrative Text

The narrative text structure consists of several parts, namely:

1.   Orientation or introduction: this section contains an introduction to the characters, time, and place where the story takes place. The goal is for readers or listeners to understand the background of the story.

2.     Complication or conflict: this section contains the problems or conflicts faced by the main character in the story. This conflict usually encourages the main character to take action.

3.   Resolution or completion: this section contains how the main character overcomes the conflict he faces. Completion may be successful or unsuccessful.

4.    Re-orientation or re-introduction: this part is the last part of the story which contains the explanation or conclusion of the story. Not all stories have this section.

In the structure of narrative text, the order of the sections can vary depending on the story being made or taken. However, in general, the most commonly used sequences are introduction, conflict, resolution, and re-introduction.

Language Features of Narrative Text

Some linguistic elements that can be found in narrative text include:

1.  Past tense (past verb): Most narrative texts use the past tense in their sentences. This makes the reader feel that the story he is reading is a story that has happened in the past.

2.   Direct speech: Sometimes in narrative text there are sentences that contain direct words from the characters in the story. Usually, direct speech is marked with quotation marks.

3.  Descriptive language: To make the story more lively and interesting, narrative text often uses descriptive language to explain the atmosphere, characters, places and objects in the story.

4.     Action verbs (action verbs): Action verbs are used to describe the actions or activities carried out by the characters in the story.

5.     Adverbs of time: Adverbs of time are used to show the time or sequence of events in a story.

6.    Conjunctions (connecting words): Conjunctions are used to connect sentences in the story so as to form a clear and orderly series of stories.

7.   Similes and metaphors (comparisons and metaphors): In narrative text, similes and metaphors are used to provide a livelier and more interesting description of the characters, places or objects in the story.


 How to Find a Moral Value in Narrative Text

To find a moral value in a narrative text, there are several steps that can be taken, namely:

1.    Understand the plot of the story as a whole: Understand carefully the contents of the narrative text. Understand the story's introduction, complication, resolution, and ending.

2.   Identify the conflict and how to solve it: Identify the conflict faced by the main character in the story, and pay attention to how the main character solves the problem.

3.    Pay attention to the roles and characters of the characters: Observe the main characters and how they play a role in the story. Are there characters who act wisely and intelligently, or are there characters who act recklessly and carelessly?

4.    Observe the message the writer wants: Pay attention to the words used by the writer in the narrative text, as well as the climax of the story. Understand the author's intention when writing the story, the moral message you want to convey.

5.     Draw conclusions and study the values ​​contained in the story: After understanding the plot, conflict, characters, and moral messages in the story, draw conclusions and study the values ​​contained in the story. Usually, narrative text contains good moral values, such as honesty, courage, hard work, and tolerance.

By doing these steps, it will be easier for the reader to find the moral message contained in the narrative text.

 Example of Narrative Text

The following is an example of narrative text:

The Lion and the Mouse

Once upon a time, in a dense forest, a mighty lion was sleeping under the shade of a tree. Suddenly, a little mouse came running over his face and woke him up. The lion became very angry and roared at the mouse. The mouse pleaded with the lion and begged for mercy, saying that he had no intention of disturbing the lion's sleep. The lion was amused at the sight of the tiny mouse, and decided to let him go.

One day, while the lion was hunting in the forest, he was trapped in a hunter's net. The lion roared for help, but nobody came to his aid. The little mouse heard the lion's roar and quickly ran to see what had happened. The mouse saw the lion trapped in the net and immediately started gnawing at the ropes. After some time, the mouse managed to chew through the ropes and free the lion from the net.

The lion was grateful to the mouse and thanked him for his help. The lion realized that even the smallest creatures can be of great help in times of need. The mouse had saved his life, and the lion promised never to underestimate the power of small things.

From that day on, the lion and the mouse became good friends, and they lived happily ever after in the dense forest.

In this story, we can find the moral value of "never underestimate the power of small things". It also teaches us about the importance of helping each other and being grateful for the help we receive.




Gayoe Study Center: The Narrative Text
The Narrative Text
Gayoe Study Center
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